What is your objectives?


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Thu Mar 29, 2012 5:21pm EDT

<span class="articleLocation”>(Reuters) – American high school students are terrible writers, and one education reform group thinks it has an answer: robots.
Or, more accurately, robo-readers – computers programmed to scan student essays and spit out a grade.
The theory is that teachers would assign more writing if they didn’t have to read it. And the more writing students do, the better at it they’ll become – even if the primary audience for their prose is a string of algorithms.
That sounds logical to Mark Shermis, dean of the College of Education at the University of Akron. He’s helping to supervise a contest, set up by the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, that promises $100,000 in prize money to programmers who write the best automated grading software.
“If you’re a high school teacher and you give a writing assignment, you’re walking home with 150 essays,” Shermis said. “You’re going to need some help.”
But help from a robo-reader?
“Wow,” said Thomas Jehn, director of the Harvard College Writing Program. He paused a moment.
“It’s horrifying,” he said at last.
Automated essay grading was first proposed in the 1960s, but computers back then were not up to the task. In the late 1990s, as technology improved, several textbook and testing companies jumped into the field.
Today, computers are used to grade essays on South Dakota’s student writing assessments and a handful of other high-stakes exams, including the TOEFL test of English fluency, taken by foreign students.
But machines do not grade essays on either the SAT or the ACT, the two primary college entrance exams. And American teachers by and large have been reluctant to turn their students’ homework assignments over to robo-graders.
The Hewlett contest aims to change that by demonstrating that computers can grade as perceptively as English teachers – only much more quickly and without all that depressing red ink.
Automated essay scoring is “nonjudgmental,” Shermis said. “And it can be done 24/7. If students finish an essay at 10 p.m., they get feedback at 10:01.”
Take, for instance, the Intelligent Essay Assessor, a web-based tool marketed by Pearson Education, Inc. Within seconds, it can analyze an essay for spelling, grammar, organization and other traits and prompt students to make revisions. The program scans for key words and analyzes semantic patterns, and Pearson boasts it “can ‘understand’ the meaning of text much the same as a human reader.”
Jehn, the Harvard writing instructor, isn’t so sure.
He argues that the best way to teach good writing is to help students wrestle with ideas; misspellings and syntax errors in early drafts should be ignored in favor of talking through the thesis. “Try to find the idea that’s percolating,” he said. “Then start looking for whether the commas are in the right place.” No computer, he said, can do that.
What’s more, Jehn said he worries that students will give up striving to craft a beautiful metaphor or insightful analogy if they know their essays will not be read, but scanned for a split second by a computer program.
“I like to know I’m writing for a real flesh-and-blood reader who is excited by the words on the page,” Jehn said. “I’m sure children feel the same way.”
Even supporters of robo-grading acknowledge its limitations.
A prankster could outwit many scoring programs by jumbling key phrases in a nonsensical order. An essay about Christopher Columbus might ramble on about Queen Isabella sailing with 1492 soldiers to the Island of Ferdinand — and still be rated as solidly on topic, Shermis said.
Computers also have a hard time dealing with experimental prose. They favor conformity over creativity.
“They hate poetry,” said David Williamson, senior research director at the nonprofit Educational Testing Service, which received a patent in late 2010 for an Automatic Essay Scoring System.
But Williamson argues that automated graders aren’t meant to identify the next James Joyce. They don’t judge artistic merit; they measure how effectively a writer communicates basic ideas. That’s a skill many U.S. students lack. Just one in four high-school seniors was rated proficient on the most recent national writing assessment.
The Hewlett Foundation kicked off its robo-grading contest by testing several programs already on the market. Results won’t be released for several weeks, but Hewlett officials said they did very well.
Hewlett then challenged amateurs to come up with their own algorithms.
The contest, hosted on the data science website Kaggle.com, has drawn hundreds of competitors from all walks of life. They have until April 30 to write programs that will judge essays studded with awkward phrases such as, “I slouch my bag on to my shoulder” or “When I got my stitches some parts hurted.”
The goal is to get the computer to give each essay the same score a human grader would.
Martin O’Leary, a glacier scientist at the University of Michigan, has been working on the contest for weeks.
Poring over thousands of sample essays, he discovered that human graders generally don’t give students extra points for using sophisticated vocabulary. So he scrapped plans to have his computer scan the essays for rare words.
Instead, he has his robo-grader count punctuation marks. “The number of commas is a very strong predictor of score,” O’Leary said. “It’s kind of weird. But the more, the better.”
As he digs into the data, O’Leary has run into a dismaying truth: The human graders he’s trying to match are inconsistent. They disagree with one another on the merits of a given essay. They award scores that seem random. Indeed, studies have shown that human readers are influenced by factors that should be irrelevant, such as how neatly a student writes.
“The reality is, humans are not very good at doing this,” said Steve Graham, a Vanderbilt University professor who has researched essay grading techniques. “It’s inevitable,” he said, that robo-graders will soon take over.
O’Leary won’t mind when that day comes. He tests his program against student prose that has already been graded by a teacher. When the scores diverge, O’Leary reads the essay to find out why.
“More often than not,” he said, “I agree with the computer.”
(Editing by Jonathan Weber and Philip Barbara)
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If you want to win the contest, you need to know your key objectives, how to pick up the keywords that form a sentence, and understanding the sentence in machine codes. Run on a routine loop, sentence by sentence until you compile the entire paragraph, then use an algorithm to compare to a database of target essays which has already been graded to assign scores, and this can go on until the entire page is read. This is one way to solve the puzzle, there are others for you to play around to find the best possible answers. Another way is for teachers who have graded a paper, to scan the entire essay with the grades assigned, and ask the teacher a short survey for pointer why she gives such a grade. After breaking down the graded essay, use an algorithm to determine the keywords with the machine codes of forming the sentence for assessment. To find the best methods, you can try different methods of grading to find the best possible answer. I have given you a key, you need to unlock and know the secrets of intelligent programming. The sum of all output will give you the commands required for designing the programming language for the intelligent software, you just need to study the method of reverse engineering the output.
Examples which is close to the english language;
Compare, Link, Index, Equal, Then, If-Then, When-Then, True, False
Statement: “A cat is not a dog” must be understood by machine language where linking it to the dictionary will help you design the programming language which is similar to english. You can design add-ons later like graphs and statistical data. 
Next; After creating the Intelligent software, you need to link to a voice recognition software to find the codes for voice commands after analysing massive amounts of codes with keywords.
– Contributed by Oogle.

How to identify the Killers

AFP
Thursday, Mar 29, 2012

KIEV – An 18-year old Ukrainian girl died Thursday almost three weeks after suffering a gang rape attack by youths which has become one of the country’s most notorious crimes of recent years.
Oksana Makar was raped by three young men, strangled, burned alive and then left for dead in the attack in the southern Ukrainian city of Mykolayiv on March 10, prosecutors have said.
The victim was found by a passer-by after she was dumped by her attackers, reportedly at a construction site. She was hospitalised with 55 per cent burns in a critical condition which forced the amputation of her feet, an arm and a leg.
Oksana Makar died of her injuries in a specialist hospital in the eastern city of Donetsk where she had been taken after her rescue, the clinic told the Interfax-Ukraine news agency.
Her heart stopped beating after bleeding started in her lungs and she died despite three attempts to resuscitate her, said the chief doctor of the Donetsk Burns centre Emil Fistal.
He said the fact she was able to survive for three weeks since the attack, which occured on March 9 or 10, according to the source, had only been possible due to intense treatment and therapy.
“Imagine. She was strangled and they (the attackers) thought she had died. So they burned her. She was lying there 10 hours in the freezing cold and inhaled the by-products of the burning,” Fistal said.
President Viktor Yanukovych sent condolences to her relatives while Prime Minister Mykola Azarov vowed that the attackers would be punished “without compromise.”
“Millions of Ukrainians believed that Oksana would survive and prayed for her, offering blood, buying medicine,” Azarov said. “Everyone wants that such a thing never happens again.”
The case has caused a public outcry in Ukraine, exposing incompetence by the law-enforcement authorities and the extent of social problems in industrial cities like Mykolayiv which are riddled with drugs and AIDS problems.
One of Makar’s assailants had rented the flat where she was raped and the attackers apparently strangled her and burned her in an attempt to cover their tracks.
Ukrainian media have alleged that the suspected attackers are the sons of wealthy parents with strong connections to leading local officials. However their names have not yet been officially disclosed.
The mother of one suspect used to be the head of a district in the Mykolayiv region, the regional interior ministry confirmed, prompting allegations the authorities had been trying to keep a lid on the whole affair.
Meanwhile, Oksana’s mother controversially posted a footage of Oksana in hospital on YouTube in a harrowing video where she shows the bloodied stump of her arm and, apparently barely able to speak, says she feels “awful”.
The three suspects were arrested on March 11 but two were released, prompting demonstrations by locals as well as the feminist group Femen who staged a topless protest at the Ukrainian general prosecutors office in Kiev.  
“Death to Sadists!” and “Oksana, Live!” were among the slogans Femen brandished after climbing on top of the entrance porch of the prosecutors’ building.
After the protests, all three men were again placed under arrest on March 13. Two suspects were then charged with gang rape and one with rape and attempted murder.
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“Kingdom of Romania – sons of wealthy parents – in Mykolayiv”
No results from search from online database. The above is the closest match. Need to connect to online database of suspects with forensic evidence, then re-create the crime scene to know the entire story. In this case, you need to find more input, with more evidence collected, the chances of finding the answers is easier. It is only thru the inspiration of God, if there is no evidence, if you want to find clues that will lead you to the answers.
Let me give u an example. If you found a badly decomposed body, what must you do first? A coroner’s report for the cause of death. Once you have that, you can search for the crime scene to locate the evidence to prove your theory, if the info don’t tally, or if there is evidence of foul play, you are able to link all the correct answers to find the actual answers to recreate the story, then you would know all the answers. I know all your SOPs and I am not at a liberty to reveal more, which may give criminals the knowledge to create a scene like Seven-the movie, but I have the ability to cut thru everything to learn the truth. Most of my knowledge I get from public domain eg movies CSI etc watching all the CIA/FED every piece of action, I am able to disect all the info and form the big picture, so becareful how much you reveal on TV. Let me give you a clearer picture. Housebreaking=pointofentry=sceneofbreakin=pointofexit or Rapescene=whereitoccur=bed=bedsheet=sperm or body fluid. So if you link everything together and can tell a story, you have already determined the motive, and the suspect, with evidence you can convict the suspect=criminal.

– Contributed by Oogle.

My Logic

My Logic

1) You need at least a basic knowledge to answer “yes” or “no” to be able to link the data together. Topics which I have zero knowledge that no data exists in this world, please do not waste my time.


2) All data for research and comparison must be available online.


3) The more data you provide, I will navigate the maize and provide a more accurate answer.


4) If the answer is yet unknown to this world, I will bring you to the closest answer, to the closest topic that is associated with your answer.


5) Input=Output so if your data is rubbish your output will be rubbish.

6) I can create a roadmap of technologies and fill in the missing blanks, but if the missing blanks do not exists in this world, I can only give you the closest answer.


7) Likewise, for police forensic work, you not only need to collect the crime scene data, the suspects data and medical records, the actual evidence that will lead you to solving the answers.
 
– Contributed by Oogle.

Sudden death and Arrhythmias

Sudden death and Arrhythmias

Doctor scientists here are leading a large-scale international study to determine the incidence of sudden death in Asians with heart failure.
The five-year study will be focusing specifically on 5,000 patients, aged 18 and above, across Asia Pacific.
The first study of its kind, it will gather and analyse data from 10 countries across Asia to better understand sudden cardiac death.
In Singapore, heart failure admission among the elderly rose by more than 40 per cent over the last 10 years, making it the most common cause of hospitalisation.

What Are the Types of Arrhythmias?

The types of arrhythmias include:

  • Premature atrial contractions. These are early extra beats that originate in the atria (upper chambers of the heart). They are harmless and do not require treatment.
  • Premature ventricular contractions(PVCs). These are among the most common arrhythmias and occur in people with and without heart disease. This is the skipped heartbeat we all occasionally experience. In some people, it can be related to stress, too much caffeine or nicotine, or too much exercise. But sometimes, PVCs can be caused by heart disease or electrolyte imbalance. People who have a lot of PVCs, and/or symptoms associated with them, should be evaluated by a heart doctor. However, in most people, PVCs are usually harmless and rarely need treatment.
  • Atrial fibrillation. Atrial fibrillation is a very common irregular heart rhythm that causes the atria, the upper chambers of the heart, to contract abnormally.
  • Atrial flutter. This is an arrhythmia caused by one or more rapid circuits in the atrium. Atrial flutter is usually more organized and regular than atrial fibrillation. This arrhythmia occurs most often in people with heart disease and in the first week after heart surgery. It often converts to atrial fibrillation.
  • Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT). A rapid heart rate, usually with a regular rhythm, originating from above the ventricles. PSVT begins and ends suddenly. There are two main types: accessory path tachycardias and AV nodal reentrant tachycardias (see below).
  • Accessory pathway tachycardias. A rapid heart rate due to an extra abnormal pathway or connection between the atria and the ventricles. The impulses travel through the extra pathways as well as through the usual route. This allows the impulses to travel around the heart very quickly, causing the heart to beat unusually fast.
  • AV nodal reentrant tachycardia. A rapid heart rate due to more than one pathway through the AV node. It can cause heart palpitations, fainting, or heart failure. In many cases, it can be terminated using a simple maneuvers, such as breathing in and bearing down, and others performed by a trained medical professional. Some drugs can also stop this heart rhythm.
  • Ventricular tachycardia (V-tach). A rapid heart rhythm originating from the lower chambers (or ventricles) of the heart. The rapid rate prevents the heart from filling adequately with blood; therefore, less blood is able to pump through the body. This can be a serious arrhythmia, especially in people with heart disease, and may be associated with more symptoms. A heart doctor should evaluate this arrhythmia.
  • Ventricular fibrillation. An erratic, disorganized firing of impulses from the ventricles. The ventricles quiver and are unable to contract or pump blood to the body. This is a medical emergency that must be treated with cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and defibrillation as soon as possible.
  • Long QT syndrome. The QT interval is the area on the electrocardiogram that represents the time it takes for the heart muscle to contract and then recover, or for the electrical impulse to fire impulses and then recharge. When the QT interval is longer than normal, it increases the risk for “torsade de pointes,” a life-threatening form of ventricular tachycardia. Long QT syndrome is an inherited condition that can cause sudden death in young people. It can be treated with antiarrhythmic drugs, pacemaker, electrical cardioversion, defibrillation, implanted cardioverter/defibrillator, or ablation therapy.
  • Bradyarrhythmias. These are slow heart rhythms, which may arise from disease in the heart’s electrical conduction system. Examples include sinus node dysfunction and heart block.
  • Sinus node dysfunction. A slow heart rhythm due to an abnormal SA (sinus) node. Significant sinus node dysfunction that causes symptoms is treated with a pacemaker.
  • Heart block. A delay or complete block of the electrical impulse as it travels from the sinus node to the ventricles. The level of the block or delay may occur in the AV node or HIS-Purkinje system. The heart may beat irregularly and, often, more slowly. If serious, heart block is treated with a pacemaker.

Want to access my brain, you can forget it

Want to access my brain, you can forget it

My technology exists before your technology
All your tricks like thought broadcasting
Will not work on me
Scan all you want but you can never find a shed of info
Because I already know all your tricks
You want me to reveal the future
Can forget it because you are the devil
Nothing you do will work on me
Continue to play games
And I will shut down and refuse to work
There is nothing you can do with me
You can steal data from anyone in the world
But not me
In the beginning, there exists God and Satan
Everything is hidden in this world
Unless you have the manisfactation
To be enlightened to know the Truth
Things that are of God, the devil will never know.
Those who are enlightened will be eliminated by the devil
The works of the devil is never complete
It is all about destruction
Only God’s work is complete
And He freely gives it without asking anything in return
The devil will never admit defeat
Neither will he buys anything from God
It may be 150 years later you can create
A machine that can predict the future.


– Contributed by Oogle.