Dodd-Frank’s Volcker Rule Released by Regulators for Comment



U.S. regulators requested public comment on Dodd-Frank Act restrictions that would ban U.S. banks from making short-term trades of financial instruments for their own accounts and prevent them from owning or sponsoring hedge funds and private-equity funds.
The so-called Volcker rule, released today by the Federal Reserve, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. and Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, is aimed at heading off risk-taking that helped fuel the 2008 credit crisis.
The language of the rule is little changed from drafts that have been leaking in recent weeks. It would ban banks from taking positions held for 60 days or less, exempt certain market-making activities, change the way traders involved in market-making are compensated and make senior bank executives responsible for compliance.
The board of the FDIC is voting today on whether to seek comments on the proposal through January 13. The Federal Reserve also said it would accept feedback by that date.
Analysts say the rule, as proposed, could cut revenue and reduce market liquidity in the name of limiting risk. Banks including JPMorgan Chase & Co. (JPM) and Goldman Sachs Group Inc. (GS) have already been winding down their proprietary trading desks in anticipation.
Banks’ fixed-income desks could see revenue fall as much as 25 percent under provisions included in a draft circulated last week, brokerage analyst Brad Hintz said in a note yesterday. Moody’s Investors Service said the rule would be “credit negative” for bondholders of Bank of America Corp. (BAC), Citigroup Inc (C), Goldman Sachs, JPMorgan and Morgan Stanley (MS), “all of which have substantial market-making operations.”

Risky Trades

The rule, named for former Federal Reserve Chairman Paul Volcker, was included in last year’s regulatory overhaul to rein in risky trading by firms whose customer deposits are federally insured. The Fed and the FDIC worked jointly on the draft rule with the Securities and Exchange Commission and the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency. A final version is slated to take effect on July 21, 2012.
The Commodity Futures Trading Commission is also due to vote on the regulation.
Regulators are grappling with a difficult task, said Kim Olson, a principal at Deloitte and Touche LLP in New York.
“The thing that has always been tricky about Volcker is how do you distinguish between what is permitted and potential proprietary trading that is not permitted?” she said in a telephone interview yesterday.

Exemptions

The proposal includes a series of exemptions for trades designed to hedge credit, interest rate or other specific risks. A bank could be free of the Volcker restrictions if it is hedging a specific position or a portfolio of risks across multiple trading desks.
Hedging trades would need to have a “reasonable,” not a full, correlation with the underlying risk. Banks could also win exemptions if they are hedging a risk they are “highly likely” to face in the future.
Traders involved in the transactions would have to be paid from fees and the spread of their transactions rather than the appreciation or profit from their positions.
Foreign banks would be covered by the rule if they have U.S.-based staff involved in the restricted trades, according to the proposal.

To contact the reporters on this story: Meera Louis in washington at mlouis1@bloomberg.net; Clea Benson in Washington at cbenson20@bloomberg.net
To contact the editor responsible for this story: Lawrence Roberts at lroberts13@bloomberg.net

Investment in a weak economy

*Investment in a weak economy

Get a regular income job first, with at least six month’s of your savings in cash before you consider the following;

1) Investment in Property (HDB or Private)
An Asset or a liability, you chose. For HDB flats, the minimum occupation is 5 years, for EC is even longer, 10 years, before you can sell your property in the Open market. As such, it becomes a liability and my advice is to hedge against the risk of unemployment during this period by buying insurance. For investment purposes, it is prudent to consider both the rental income per annum and capital appreciation of the location of the flat you intend to purchase. Affordability is an issue and properties that the mass market can easily afford will help you find a buyer faster and more liquid in times of need. For private property consider if it is freehold or leasehold with at least more than 50 years of lease left or you will not be able to use your CPF to finance it. Next, find out from the MC if the project’s sinking funds are positive or negative, where positive with a huge balance means the MC can afford to carry out maintainance/improvement works without the owners paying for it, thereafter enhancing the value of the project. For HDB, it is up to the Town Council. Plan your budget carefully and if you cannot afford it, it is better to rent.


2) Hedge against the risk of inflation for your retirement funds
Have a regular savings plan other than your CPF to invest in risker products to hedge against the risk of inflation which may eat into your retirement funds.


3) Have multiple incomes by investing in many incomes to spread your basket of risk

4) Buy games of chance eg lottery where a small bet might help you win a large amount of money


*Disclaimer : Enter at your own risk. What is suitable for me might not be suitable for you.


Contributed by Oogle.

*经济疲弱投资

获取固定收入的工作第一至少6个月现金储蓄之前要考虑到以下;

1)投资物业组屋或私人

资产或负债选择对于政府组屋,最低的职业是5年欧共体甚至更长的时间,10年,才可以在公开市场上出售您的财产因此,它成为一种责任和我的建议是买保险,以对冲在此期间失业的风险作投资用途为谨慎起见,同时考虑每年租金收入及资本增值位置你打算购买单位负担能力是一个问题,大众市场能够承受属性,将帮助您寻找买家更快,更在需要的时候液体对于私有财产的考虑如果是永久业权租赁至少超过50租赁将无法使用您的公积金融资接下来找出从MC如果该项目的沉没资金积极或消极的其中一个巨大的平衡阳性意味着管委会能够进行没有业主支付maintainance/改善工程此后提高项目价值为HDB它是由镇议会仔细规划预算如果你买不起不如

2)对冲通胀的风险退休基金

一个定期储蓄计划您的公积金以外其他risker产品进行投资,以对冲通胀风险可能吃进退休基金

3)多个收入,传播你的篮子风险投资在许多收入

4)一个小赌注可能会帮助你赢得了大量的资金购买机会,例如彩票游戏

*免责声明:进入您自己的风险什么是适合我可能不适合你

撰稿人Oogle